Aquaponic gardens can give you lots of fresh vegetables and tasty fish. They are great for any home as well as for any age and occupation. However, they will not take care of themselves! It is true that they require very little attention, but it is essential that you give them those few minutes a day every day to obtain excellent results and keep the farm producing for the long term. In this article, we give you the aquaponic gardening essentials you need to know.
A significant process in aquaponics is aeration. If you properly aerate the water, your fish will be happy, and your plants will grow normally. On the other hand, if you don’t correctly oxygenate the water, then there is little chance that your farm will survive for more than a couple of days.
The reasons why aeration is so important are quite simple and easy to understand for everybody. First of all, the dissolved oxygen is necessary for the fish to breathe. Even though the fish are living underwater they still need to breathe and just like in case of other animals; they need oxygen to survive. When they lack oxygen they die, thus destroying the balance of your aquaponic system. In a matter of days, your plants will start to get yellowish and eventually die out.
The fish excrements decompose and transform from toxic ammonia into useful nitrates in the presence of oxygen. Therefore, if you don’t correctly aerate the water, the fish poop transformation will not happen. The plants will have nothing to eat, while the fish will die intoxicated with ammonia. Of course, dying fish is not a very pleasant outcome. You will have to monitor the quality of your water every day and have a back-up plan in case the power gets off and the air pumps will no longer be able to function. This discipline and knowing aquaponic gardening essentials is the only way that you can save your aquaponic system and make it work for the long term. Your plants and your fish will thank you for that!