Backyard Aquaponics isn’t a new concept. Though many people are not familiar with aquaponics, it has been in use for centuries. This article will give you an overview of how to do aquaponics in your backyard.
The Aztecs are believed to have grown crops on elevated beds in shallow lakes. They would then dredge the surrounding canals and use the collected natural bio-waste to irrigate their crops. South China and Thailand were also thought to have experimented with aquaponics by raising fish in their rice paddies hundreds of years ago. And this is the secret of aquaponics, the natural creation of biological waste from fish and their environment being used to fertilize plants. This method is 100% organic and contributes to healthier and more robust plants and creating harvests of ten times that of a normal soil garden.
By adapting the same principles used by the Aztecs so long ago to our own backyard gardens, we can share in the abundant 100% organic harvests produced by aquaponic gardens.
We do have to make some minor modifications to our normal soil backyard garden to implement aquaponics.
First we remove soil from the equation (and along with the soil, the many soil borne pests thus eliminating toxic pesticides).
Then we implement a simple hydroponic system whereby we create elevated beds or tables just like the Aztecs did, to contain our garden. The plants are grown in a medium that is common to hydroponics but different than soil as this medium contains zero nutrients on its own.
Now, by introducing fish to our setup we create a symbiotic relationship between the plants we grow and the fish we raise producing a nearly self sustaining environment.
Basically, what we do is this:
The plants filter out and use the nutrients in the water that are produced by the fish and their aquatic environment.
The water now cleansed of the bio-waste nutrients (which, while good for the plants, in high doses are harmful to the fish) is returned to the fish tank.
Now we have a simple cyclical organic system which is used to efficiently grow plants, fruits, and vegetables, producing 10x the normal soil garden harvest, in our very own backyard aquaponics garden.
There simply isn’t room in this article to list all of the healthy, cost-saving, and eco-friendly advantages of using aquaponics.
See our other articles where can read more about aquaponics and how you can start building your own backyard aquaponics garden today.